Mujadid Alif Th Dissertation

aniPAKISTAN STUDIES

TOPIC: MUJADDAD ALIF SANI

Submitted to: ASIF AYUB

Published By: AMIR HUSSAIN (BESE 17-A)

November 4, 2011.

ASSIGMENT #1

Outlines:

* Introduction.

2. Education.

* Social Circumstances Of India.

* Termination of the system of prayers.

2. Disgrase of Month of Ramazan.

2. Bann in Pilgrimage

2. Services Of Mujaddid Alf Sani.

* Purifying Un-Islamic Tendencies from Muslim society.

* Mujaddad's Letters.

5. Imprisoned of Mujaddid Alif Sani.

5. Two-Nation idea.

* Wahdat-al-Wujud.

* Influence of Mujaddad in India.

* Experience of revivals

* Refrences

Introduction

The great reformers Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi al-Farooqi an-Naqshbandi was born in Sarhind about June 21, 1564. This individual belonged to a devout Muslim family. Sheikh Ahmad received his basic education at home. His preliminary instructions inside the Holy Quran, Hadith and theology were rendered in Sarhind and Sialkot. Later, he committed most of his time to the study of Hadith, Tafseer and viewpoint. During this period the Muslims in India came into existence so bad in the understanding of true Islam that they got more perception in Karamat or wonders of the saints than Islamic teachings. The Ulema and theologians of the time had ceased to refer for the Quran and Hadith in their commentaries, and considered tendu the only faith based knowledge. Akbar, the Mughal king got started several experiments with Islam, propagating his own religion Din-i-Ilahi, an combination of Indio and Muslim beliefs. In these circumstances, Sheikh Ahmad collection upon himself the task of purifying the Muslim contemporary society. He was extremely critical with the philosophy of Wahdat-ul Struktur, against which in turn he provided his beliefs of Wahdat-ush-Shuhud. He created correspondence with Muslim scholars and clerics and placed stress upon following the true contours of Islam. To him, mysticism without Shariah was deceptive. He stressed the importance of Namaz and fasting. Through preaching, talks and his maktubat addressed to important noble and frontrunners of religious thought, he spread his message amongst the top notch in particular. As he and his followers also performed in the imperial camp and army, having been soon noticed by Jehangir. Jehangir, contrary to his dad, was a even more orthodox Muslim. He was locked up at Gwalior Fort for two years before the Emperor recognized his mistake. Jehangir then not only released Sheikh Ahmad, but as well recalled him to Agra. Sheikh Ahmad's greatest contribution was definitely the task of countering unorthodox Sufism and mystic morals. He composed many catalogs, including his famous works, Isbat-ul-Nabat and Risal-i-Nabuwat. His greatest focus on Islamic idea was the Tauheed-i-Shuhudi. Sheikh Ahmad continued preaching Islam right up until the end of his days. He urged people to stick to the approved and obviously laid straight down path of Islam. He passed away in 1624. 2. Education

Sheikh Ahmad's father Sheikh Abdul Ahad was a popular sufi of his times. Sheikh Ahmad received his basic education at home. His initial recommendations in the Ay Quran, Hadith and theology were made in Sarhind and Sialkot. Later, he devoted the majority of his the perfect time to the study of Hadith, Tafseer and philosophy. This individual worked for a while in Lahore as well. But the greater component to his existence was spent in Sarhind, where he was going to become the safe bet of Islamic values. This individual visited Delhi in 1599 and traveled to see Khwaja Baqi Billah, who asked him to pay a few days and nights in his the hospice. Within two days Ahmad expected the khwaja to take him into discipleship. After having initiated Shaikh Ahmad in to various stages of psychic development underneath the Naqshbandi purchase, the khwaja wrote: " Shaikh Ahmad is … rich in knowledge and vigorous in action. I actually associated with him for a few times, and observed truly outstanding things in his spiritual existence. He will turn into a light which will illuminate the earth. " 5. Social current condition of India

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